Assessing the impact of intra-EU mobility on national welfare state: Who Receives Which Benefits? A Cross-Country Comparison
Labour&welfare Lunch Seminar
20 June 2018, h. 12.30
Speaker: Maria Giulia Montanari (University of Milan)
SPS Seminar Room (Room 215, II Floor, Passione side)
Dipartimento di Scienze sociali e politiche
Via Conservatorio 7, Milano
The scope of this paper is to explore the profiles of European citizens who access social benefits in host Member States, and try to highlight the patters of their welfare use. Even though the accessibility of host welfare states by EU citizens have been in the public eye since the EU Eastern Enlargements and the 2008 economic crisis, still little is known about who exactly receives which benefits. The analysis of beneficiaries is a novel frontier of comparative welfare studies, allowed by the availability of European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) database since 2004 onwards. This research will try to answer the subsequent questions: 1. Are European citizens enjoying benefits in the same way of natives or different patterns can be identified? 2. In the case that a different welfare use emerges, can the difference among the two populations be (at least partially) explained through the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of EU citizens? 3. Which are the main determinants to access social benefits in each country (age, sex, years since arrival, level of education, status of employment, occupation, household composition and income)? Firstly, a descriptive analysis will be run to compare the EU beneficiaries across five main destinations (Austria, France, Italy, Spain and the UK). Subsequently, a series of probit regression models will be assessed at both levels of micro-data provided by EU-SILC for each country. The main types of non-contributory benefits in cash will be detected, i.e. unemployment benefits at individual level, and both family benefits and minimum income schemes at the household level. The study will initially focus on the 2015 wave, then it will possibly be extended to the previous 15 years in order to observe the cross-country dynamics of welfare use by EU citizens over time. The expected outcomes will provide a preliminary test for the adoption of a political economy approach in the assessment of Member States attitudes’ towards Free Movement.
The Labor & Welfare Lunch Seminars are a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas devised by a group of post-doctoral fellows from the Department of Social and Political Sciences where young researchers dealing with issues related to the labor market, labor and welfare policies and industrial relations can present and discuss their work.